經Dcn Ray Gans -The Holy Family Catholic, SJ 許可由Dcn Simon翻譯如下:
我們完全理解許多人可能對大家共飲同一杯爵的聖血有健康上的憂慮，而有些人的確比其他人有更大的風險，更容易受到感染（無論病源為何）。這裡想要特別說明的是，領受聖血完全是個人的選擇，千萬不要有非得去領聖血的感覺，但只要我們做好合理的預防措施（如清潔雙手，在領聖血之間擦拭乾淨杯爵的邊緣等），在這個時候領受基督聖血，應該是相當安全的。因此，為了讓教友們更充分地參與領受這聖體聖事，我們的主教Cantu已放寬之前對於領受聖血的的限制，鼓勵教友們在彌撒中同時領聖體聖血。(Bishop Cantu’s letter )
Dcn Ray Gans from The Holy Family Catholic church in San Jose wrote this article appeared in the 7/9/2023 Bulletin.
Concomitance is the Catholic doctrine that says Jesus is fully present under each Eucharistic species, i.e., the host and the precious blood. This means that when we consume either the host or sip from the cup, we experience all of Jesus.
The justification behind this doctrine is that Jesus Christ is God is invisible; his flesh cannot be separated from his blood or his soul. When we partake in the Eucharist, we consume christ’s glorified body – his body, blood soul, and divinity, the substance of all of our Lord and Savior.
Jesus tells us in John’s Gospel “whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life and I will raise him on the last day.” At the last supper we read in Matthew’s gospel “ While they were eating, Jesus took bread, said the blessing, broke it and giving to his disciples said “ Take and eat; this is my body.” Then he took a cup, gave thanks, and gave it to them saying “drink from it , all of you, fir this is my blood of the covenant, which will be shed on behalf of many for the forgiveness of sins. “
Jesus asked us to do both. When we consume both species of the Eucharist at Mass, we enter into this same act of eating and drinking Jesus body and blood as the disciples did at the Last Supper. In other words, by receiving host and cup we participate more fully in the divine mystery of the Eucharist. Both hosts and cup are touchable materials, signs of the real presence of Christ, and while it is not required or essential to receive Jesus under both species, it is the most perfect form of doing so.
The church has accepted the doctrine of concomitance for a long time probably from the beginning. But for the first thousand years or so it wasn’t much of an issue because all Christians received the body and blood of Jesus in both forms at Mass. Over time, however the practice of receiving Holy Communion on the cup by the faithful begin to drop off (due to fears of spillage and other issues ) and by the 15th century the Precious Blood was restricted to the clergy. Church’s laws were revised only 60 years ago to let Bishops return the cup of Christ’s blood to the Faithful in their dioceses.
It is understood that many people may have health concerns about sharing from a common cup, and some people are more at risk (for any source) than others. To be very clear, receiving from the cup is completely optional and no one should feel pressured into doing so, however as long as sensible precautions are in place (sanitizing hands, wiping the rim of the cup between recipients, etc. ), then receiving the Precious Blood should be reasonably safe at this time. And so, to allow the faithful to participate more fully in the reception of this sacrament, our bishop has relaxed his prior restriction on receiving from the cup.
Even so, as with masks, your personal health and that of your family is your choice and responsibility. If you feel uncomfortable sipping from this cup, that is OK, but please reverence Christ’s Precious Blood with a bow as you pass by when receiving Holy Communion, whether we choose to receive it or not, it is still the most precious drink on earth.